Over the past year, we have taken enhancing the Party's political building as the overarching principle, studied and implemented the guiding principles of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important remarks and instructions, and earnestly launched the campaign of Extensive Study, Intensive Investigation and Effective Implementation. We encouraged all levels of government across the province to become deeply conscious of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core and keep in alignment, to strengthen confidence in the path, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and to resolutely uphold the core position of General Secretary Xi Jinping as well as the authority of the CPC Central Committee and its centralized and unified leadership. We are committed to full and rigorous Party self-governance and resolutely eliminating the malign influence of Li Jia and Wan Qingliang. We reported to Guangdong Provincial People’s Congress and its Standing Committee and subjected ourselves to their oversight. We have implemented the mechanism for provincial government to report to the Standing Committee of the Provincial People’s Congress before adopting major decisions, actively worked with it in carrying out inspection of law enforcement and special investigations and research, and dealt with 717 suggestions from its deputies. We also reported our work to the CPPCC Guangdong Provincial Committee, supported it in fulfilling its functions of political consultation, democratic oversight and participation in the deliberation and administration of provincial affairs, and handled 662 proposals from its members. We promoted law-based government administration and realized full coverage of constitution knowledge sharing and learning in villages and neighborhoods. We have worked to build a clean government by putting into action the Central Committee's eight-point decision on improving conduct and staying engaged with the people and its detailed rules for implementation, subjecting ourselves to the oversight of discipline commissions, supervisory commissions, resident offices and inspection teams, and promoted an in-depth and full coverage oversight over auditing. We also worked conscientiously on addressing problems uncovered by the Central Inspection Group, the Re-inspection Campaign of the Central Environmental Inspection, the special inspection of crackdown on organized crime and local mafia, the State Council comprehensive inspections and the national ocean supervision and successfully solved some acute problems. We carried out in full spectrum the building of model departments and promoted governments across the province to focus on main business, contemplate and deal with important tasks with the perseverance to hammer away until the job is done, and to shoulder responsibility in overcoming difficulties so as to constantly improve our administrative services.
These achievements have certainly not come easily. We owe them to the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with General Secretary Xi Jinping at its core, the sound guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and the concerted and determined efforts of the people across the province under the guidance of the CPC Guangdong Provincial Committee. Therefore, on behalf of the People’s Government of Guangdong, I would like to pay tributes to the people all across the province, deputies to the Guangdong Provincial People’s Congress and members of the CPPCC Guangdong Provincial Committee, to other political parties, people’s organizations and public figures from all sectors of society, and to central institutions based in Guangdong, People’s Liberation Army, armed police forces, public security officers and fire commanders and fighters. My sincere gratitude also goes to the Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and overseas compatriots as well as friends from all over the world who have shown care and support for Guangdong’s modernization.
Reform and opening-up has witnessed a 40-year splendid journey. In the past four decades, pioneers in Guangdong with the former Party Secretary Xi Zhongxun as a shining example kicked off a good beginning with an enterprising spirit. Successive CPC Guangdong Provincial Committees and governments since then have built on the spirit and continued to pioneer and push ahead, leading people in Guangdong to make remarkable achievements in its economic and social development. GDP in the province grew from 18.6 billion yuan in 1978 to 9.73 trillion yuan in 2018, up by 12.5% annually, ranking first across the country for 30 consecutive years; the local general public budget revenue from 4.18 billion yuan to 1.21 trillion yuan, making Guangdong the first province in the nation to have crossed the one trillion yuan threshold; the total volume of import and export from 1.59 billion U.S. dollars to over 1 trillion U.S. dollars, accounting for one fourth of the national total; and the disposal income of residents from 229 yuan to 35,800 yuan. The province saw notably growing comprehensive strength with ever improving landscape in urban and rural areas, a better livelihood for the people and many firsts in the nation. We created Guangdong Experience in developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, which in turn boosted our confidence and resolution to become a “forerunner of the country in four aspects” and “two important windows” of China. The practice in Guangdong demonstrates that reform and opening-up is an effective weapon for the Party and the people to gain leapfrogging development and catch up with the times, the only path to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a crucial move that determines modern China’s destiny, and it now remains a crucial move for us to achieve China's two centenary goals and realize the great revitalization of the Chinese nation.
While recognizing our achievements we are keenly aware that some acute contradictions and problems still exist in our economic and social development. First, some destabilizing factors and uncertainties in economic development are posing pressure in maintaining stable economic performance, including a complex and severe external environment, slowing increase in domestic demand and increasing latent risks in certain sectors. Some enterprises face difficulties in production and operation with a rising cost, difficult and expensive financing and limited profits among other issues. Second, external dominance of core technologies in some important sectors has presented challenges in promoting high quality economic growth. Basic research and indigenous innovation capacity are inadequate. Most of the key parts and components of equipment manufacturing industries rely on imports and the electronic information industry is still short of the essentials. The industry level remains relatively low. With over capacity in low-end industries while under capacity in high-end ones, and inadequate new growth drivers, we still face an uphill battle in industrial transformation and upgrading. Third, environmental protection infrastructure falls behind with a daunting task in pollution treatment. Sewage and solid wastes treatment infrastructure are lagged behind and more efforts need to be made for improvement of major river valleys and treatment of black and malodorous water bodies in urban areas. Green development philosophy has not been implemented faithfully in some places, with large amount of resource and energy consumption and pollutants discharge. Green and low carbon production and life style is yet to be formed. Fourth, a big gap still exists between urban and rural areas and breaking urban-rural dual structure remains a priority. Agricultural production is yet to be scaled up in an intensive manner and with more brands created. Improving rural living environments remains a daunting task. Farmers’ income is still low, and there are still large disparities in basic public services between the rural and urban areas. The Pearl River Delta region has not fully unleashed its exemplary influence, the foundation of industries in eastern and western Guangdong remains relatively weak, and the green development in northern part is yet to be improved. Fifth, there are inadequacies in developing social causes and improving people’s wellbeing. We are confronted with structural unemployment, under-supply of high quality pre-schools and compulsory education, inadequate medical and health-care service at the community level, grave and complex public security situations, weakness in workplace safety and oversight of food and drug safety. Sixth, business environment needs improvement compared with more advanced regions in other parts of the world. Some fundamental and crucial reforms are yet to be put in place. Some businesses are prohibited from operation after market entry. Problems of obstruction of the middle-level cadres, the last mile of implementation and the “one size fits all” approach still exist, and the government needs to improve its conduct. We are in need of more efficient administrative services. We will take strong and effective measures to address the above problems.